Lauralyn Kaziboni

 

Lauralyn Kaziboni is an Economist at Acacia Economics and a researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) at the University of Johannesburg.

She is an economist specialising in industrial development and regional integration. Lauralyn has conducted research on local economic development in Johannesburg and Gauteng; regional growth in Southern Africa focusing on the mining inputs sector; and mobile money in Zimbabwe. She is also involved in coordinating projects and training in Southern and East Africa.

Lauralyn holds an MCom in Development Economics from the University of Johannesburg. She holds a BCom (Hons) in International Trade and Finance from the University of Johannesburg and a BSocSci majoring in Economics, with minor in Psychology, from Africa University. She has authored a number of conference papers, working papers and articles.

COMPETITION ECONOMICS AND SECTOR SPECIFIC WORK

South Africa  (2016). Conducted research into the public procurement policy in South Africa in order to understand the impact of public procurement on industrial development.      

South Africa (2016).
Developed a sector strategy for the machinery and equipment sector in Gauteng aimed at reviving the sector, increasing international competitiveness and employment.   

Zimbabwe (2016). Assessed the implications of the regulatory regime and competition bottlenecks for the development of mobile money markets in Zimbabwe for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.            

South Africa (2015-2016).
Conducted a city-wide survey and drafted a report on the challenges and recommendations for the growth of firms in the City of Johannesburg.   

Zimbabwe, South Africa (2015-2016).
Contributed to research for The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNUWIDER) on the mining-related systems in Botswana, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Posted on March 24, 2017 .

Anthea Paelo

 

Anthea is an economist at Acacia Economics and a researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) at the University of Johannesburg.

Her areas of focus include competition economics, regulation, telecommunications, economic development and financial inclusion. Anthea’s experience in regulation and economics has extended into a number of projects including barriers to entry into key industries in South Africa’s economy such as supply of fuel and the air transport industry. She has also contributed to research on the competitive dynamics of cross-border road freight industry in southern Africa, looking into countries like Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa. Other projects have centred on industrialization and growth of manufacturing firms.  Anthea has also been part of the consulting team concerning the Vodacom/Neotel merger case. She has also published a number of articles in the CCRED Quarterly Competition Review on subjects such as competition in the mobile money and pay-tv industries.

Anthea holds a Master of Commerce degree in Development Economics from the University of Johannesburg, BCom (Honours) degree in Public Economics and Development as well as a BCom (Law) degree from the University of Johannesburg. 

COMPETITION ECONOMICS AND SECTOR SPECIFIC WORK

Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe (2016). Completed a study for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Financial Services for the Poor on competition bottlenecks in mobile financial services in Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, including use of the USSD channel for delivery of these services.

South Africa (2016). Developed a Business Processing Services Sector Strategy for the Gauteng Department of Economic Development

South Africa (2016). Contributed to local industrial development research for the City of Johannesburg’s Department of Economic Development.

South Africa (2015-2016). Part of the team that provided expert advice to the Economic Development Department in relation to the competition and public interest effects the merger between Coca-Cola and SAB (bottlers) in South Africa.

South Africa (2015-2016). Conducted a study commissioned by the National Treasury on the barriers to entry in the airlines industry.

South Africa (2015). Provided expert advice to ICASA in relation to the merger proceedings between Vodacom and Neotel.

Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa (2015). Contributed to research for The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNUWIDER) on the competition dynamics in the road freight sectors of Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Mozambique.

Nigeria (2015). Part of a team providing economic research services in respect of competition issues in Nigeria, including a brief analysis of the financial services sector.

South Africa (2014). Conducted research on the barriers to entry in the liquid fuel industry in South Africa.

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Pamela Mondliwa

 

Pamela Mondliwa is an economist at Acacia Economics and is also a researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development at the University of Johannesburg.

She has worked as an economist in the Policy and Research division at the Competition Commission of South Africa from 2009 to 2013.Pamela has experience in undertaking investigations and conducting economic analysis of mergers, abuse of dominance and cartel cases, in industries such as petrochemicals, construction, and packaging amongst others. She has also been involved in research for impact assessments of the Commission’s intervention, coordinating capacity building for the Policy and Research division and has contributed to the joint African Competition Forum (ACF) cement project.

Pamela holds a BCom (Hons) from Rhodes University. She has co-authored a number of conference papers.

COMPETITION ECONOMICS, REGULATION AND SECTOR SPECIFIC WORK
Experience in conducting economic analysis on complex enforcement and cartel cases, and mergers and acquisitions for the Competition Commission of South Africa in a wide range of sectors including petrochemicals, insurance, construction, and packaging amongst others.

South Africa (2016). Conducted a sector study and developed a strategy for the Chemicals and Plastics sector for the Gauteng Department of Economic Development.

South Africa (2015-2016). Carried out a study commissioned by National Treasury on the Barriers to entry in the telecommunications sector as well as the beer industry using Soweto Gold as a case study.

South Africa (2015-current). Currently advising the Competition Commission of South Africa on economic aspects of the Healthcare Inquiry into the private healthcare market in South Africa.

South Africa (2014 - 2015). Provided expert advice to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) on the Vodacom / Neotel proposed merger.

South Africa (2014-2016). Completed a research study on the local industrial economy of Johannesburg for the City of Johannesburg’s Department of Economic Development.

South Africa (2014). Provided an analysis of the competition effects of the MTN/Telkom Radio Access Network (RAN) sharing transaction and the Vodacom/Neotel merger to ICASA.

South Africa (2014). Conducted a review of economic regulation of liquid fuels and related products for the Department of Economic Development.

South Africa (2014). Prepared a research report for the Plastics Conversion Industry Strategy for the Department of Trade and Industry.

South Africa (2013-2014). Contributed to research on the impact of the Competition Commission’s interventions in the long steel markets.

South Africa (2012-2015). Expert economic analysis for the Commission v Sasol Chemical Industries competition case in the SA Competition Tribunal. Research work for South African government on economic regulation, and industrial policy.

 

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Thando Vilakazi

 

Thando Vilakazi is an economist at Acacia Economics and a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development at the University of Johannesburg.

He worked as an economist in the Policy and Research Division at the Competition Commission of South Africa from 2010 to 2014. Thando has experience in undertaking investigations and conducting economic analysis for competition law investigations and academic research in a wide range of sectors including healthcare, telecommunications and mobile financial services, cement, fertilizer, sugar, retail, cross-border road transport and air transport. He has also been involved in facilitating training and providing economic advice on competition issues in various African countries, and coordinated the joint African Competition Forum (ACF) sugar industry research project involving competition authorities from southern and East Africa. Thando has also authored a number of conference papers and book chapters on various issues in competition and regional integration. Most recently he has led research on regional integration in Southern Africa, barriers to entry and inclusive growth, and the strategies and investments of large firms in the South African economy.

Thando is currently a PhD candidate (Economics) with the University of Johannesburg. He holds a Master of Commerce degree in Applied Economics (Development) from the University of Cape Town and a BBusSc in Management Studies (Economics) from the same institution.

COMPETITION ECONOMICS AND SECTOR SPECIFIC WORK

Experience in conducting economic analysis on complex enforcement and cartel cases, and mergers and acquisitions for the Competition Commission of South Africa in a wide range of sectors including telecommunications, healthcare, grocery retail, the sugar industry, seed production and distribution, grain storage, airports and airlines, payment systems, the glass industry, horseracing, manufacturing automation, and pharmaceuticals. 

South Africa (2016). Provided expert advice to ICASA in relation to the merger proceedings between Vodacom and Neotel.

South Africa (2015–2016). Provided economic research on competition in the provision of mobile financial services in Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Zambia (2015-2016). Provided expert advice to Zambia Competition and Consumer Protection Commission on an abuse of dominance (excessive pricing) case.  

South Africa (2015). Co-authored reports for National Treasury on behalf of CCRED assessing barriers to entry and expansion in mobile money and low cost airlines in South Africa.

Kenya (2015 - ongoing). Part of a team providing research and advice on a market inquiry into Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) for the Competition Authority of Kenya, which relates to the use of telecommunications services for mobile financial services.

Zambia, Tanzania and Malawi (2015). Contributed to Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development research for GIZ and SADC on competitive dynamics in the road freight and fertilizer trading sectors of Zambia, Tanzania and Malawi.

Malawi (2015). Completed study on behalf of Malawi Competition and Fair Trading Commission on competition in the Malawi transport sector covering road, air, rail and marine transportation. 

South Africa (2014). Advised a client in the financial services sector on the competition effects of a potential merger in the sector.

South Africa (2014). Provided economic advice to the Zimbabwean Competition and Tariff Commission on an abuse of dominance investigation for the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development.

South Africa (2014). Taught on a Masters Elective course on the relationship between competition policy, industrial policy and economic development at the University of Witwatersrand in 2014.

South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe (2014-2016). Provided training on competition economics to competition economists and lawyers in South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

South Africa (2012). Coordinated and co-authored the African Competition Forum (ACF) research project on regional competition dynamics in the sugar industry in Kenya, Zambia, South Africa and Tanzania involving researchers from each country.

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Tamara Paremoer

Tamara.jpg

 

Tamara Paremoer is an economist working on the economics of competition and regulation. 

Prior to joining Acacia Economics, Tamara was a senior researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED). Tamara was previously Lead Economist and Inquiry Director of the Competition Commission of South Africa’s first market inquiry, the Market Inquiry into the Private Healthcare Sector. Tamara also worked as a Principal Policy Analyst at the Competition Commission responsible for developing and advocating for pro-competitive regulation in media, banking, healthcare, and regulated sectors and as an investigator in various food sector and agro-processing cases. 

Tamara holds a MCom (Economics) from the University of the Witwatersrand.

COMPETITION ECONOMICS AND SECTOR SPECIFIC WORK

South Africa (2015-current). Currently advising the Competition Commission of South Africa on economic aspects of the Healthcare Inquiry into the private healthcare market in South Africa.

South Africa (2015). Provided expert advice to ICASA in relation to the merger proceedings
between Vodacom and Neotel.

South Africa (2015-2016). Provided expert advice to the Economic Development Department in relation to the competition and public interest effects the merger between Coca-Cola and SAB (bottlers) in South Africa.

South Africa (2015-2016). Conducted research for the National Treasury on the barriers to entry in the agro-processing and telecommunications sectors.

Uganda (2015-2016). Completed research on the competition dynamics of the mobile money
sector in Uganda for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

South Africa (2015-2016). Developed strategy for the agro-processing sector for the Gauteng
Department of Economic Development.

South Africa (2015-2016). Conducted a study on local industrial development for the City of
Johannesburg’s Department of Economic Development.

Kenya and Zambia (2015-2016). Facilitated and coordinated training programs on Competition
Economics in Kenya and Zambia

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Reena das Nair

 

Reena das Nair is a lead economist at Acacia Economics and is a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) at the University of Johannesburg.

Prior to joining CCRED, Reena was Programme Manager: Industrial Policy at Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS), a not-for-profit research organisation undertaking economic research for policy makers. Before TIPS, Reena worked as a Principal Economist in the Policy and Research division at the Competition Commission of South Africa. She has experience in undertaking investigations and economic analysis in mergers, abuse of dominance and cartel cases.

She has also undertaken research in economic regulation, particularly in the energy sector. Reena  is currently a PhD candidate (Economics) with the University of Johannesburg. She has an MCom in Economics and BCom (Hons) from the University of the Witwatersrand. She has co-authored several conference papers and has a number of publications.

Recent projects and advice provided in relation to the economics of competition and regulation, and in relation to financial services, including in South Africa

South Africa (2016). Provided expert advice and analysis in relation to the Coca-Cola / SAB merger in relation to bottling plants.

South Africa and Botswana (2015-2016). Conducted a study on regional growth in southern Africa for the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNUWIDER)

South Africa (2015 - 2016). Provided expert advice to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) on the Vodacom / Neotel proposed merger.

South Africa (2015 - ongoing). Currently providing expert advice to ICASA in relation to spectrum.

Kenya (2015 - ongoing). Currently providing economic research and analysis for the Competition Authority of Kenya in relation to a market inquiry into the banking sector in Kenya.

South Africa (2015). Conducted a study on the barriers to entry in the supermarket industry for the National Treasury by drawing insights from the experiences of successful entrants.

Zambia (2014-2015). Completed a study on the trends and patterns in industrial performance over time in Zambia for the International Growth Centre (IGC).

Zambia (2014-2015). Undertook research to investigate the regional industrial development of the capital equipment value chain with special focus on the Zambian copper-belt.

South Africa (2014). Advised a client in the financial services sector on the competition effects of a potential merger in the sector.

South Africa (2013-2014). Provided training to support capacity building of economic regulators.

 

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Genna Robb

 

Genna is an economist with Acacia Economics, specialising in competition and regulatory economics.

Genna has worked extensively in economic analysis for competition and regulatory matters across a range of sectors including healthcare, telecommunications, retail, media, financial services, ticketing, agriculture, biotechnology, minerals and mining, aviation and chemicals. She spent four years as an economist at the Competition Commission of South Africa and has also consulted widely to regulators, government and private companies in South Africa and the region. Prior to her current position, she was the Manager of Competition Economics at DNA Economics, where she acted as the expert economist to the Minister of Economic Development and the Minister of Telecommunications and Postal Services in the Vodacom Neotel merger.

Genna has substantial experience in research and capacity building in topics relating to competition, regulation and industrial policy and is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development at the University of Johannesburg.  She has presented and published a number of papers on topics related to competition and regulatory economics. She has also been involved in coordinating and facilitating training on competition economics for practitioners and in teaching a competition economics course for Masters students.

Genna holds a BA in Economics and Management from Oxford University and an MSc in Economics (with distinction) from the University of Warwick.

Project highlights

Competition Commission Healthcare Market Inquiry:  Currently providing expert economic analysis and advice for the Competition Commission of South Africa.

Hollard/Regent:  Providing expert economic analysis to the Competition Commission for the Hollard/Regent merger.
ICASA: advice in relation to the distribution of spectrum.

Vodacom/Neotel:  Economic expert to the Minister of Economic Development and the Minister of Telecommunications and Postal Services in the Vodacom Neotel merger.

Research on barriers to entry:  Research for CCRED on the barriers to entry in the liquid fuels, mobile money and telecommunications sector in South Africa.

Mobile money complaint:  Economic analysis on mobile money complaint for the Competition and Tariff Commission of Zimbabwe.

Liquid fuel storage application:  Economic input to a National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) hearing into the licensing application for a new fuel storage facility in the Western Cape of South Africa. 

Mediclinic/Flashing star:  Horizontal merger concerning the market for day hospital services in Limpopo province. 

IDC/Rio Tinto merger:  Horizontal merger concerning the markets for magnetite iron ore and sulphuric acid. 

Media24/Natal Witness merger:  Vertical merger concerning the markets for coldset printing and community newspaper publishing in KZN and the northern Eastern Cape.

Pioneer/Pannar merger:  Horizontal 3 to 2 merger in the market for hybrid maize seed breeding. Assisted with market definition, competition analysis and evaluation of efficiencies during the Commission’s investigation.

Supermarkets exclusive leases:  Part of the Commission team investigating exclusive lease arrangements between supermarkets and shopping centres. 

Ticketing exclusive dealing:  Assisted with preparation of Commission expert report. (Case still to be heard by the Tribunal)

Media predatory pricing:  Part of the Commission team investigating alleged predatory pricing conduct in a community newspaper market.

 

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Ryan Hawthorne

 

Ryan Hawthorne is an economist specializing in competition and economic regulation.  

He is a Senior Research Associate at CCRED and co-founding Director of Acacia Economics. His focus areas include competition/antitrust economics, telecommunications regulation, and telecommunications strategy. 

Ryan is part of the team currently advising the Competition Authority of Kenya on carrying out a market inquiry into pricing and conditions of access to USSD channels for the provision of mobile financial services in Kenya.  He is also part of the team advising the Competition Authority of Kenya on phase II of a market inquiry into Kenya’s banking sector.

Ryan has extensive experience in the economics of regulation and competition. This includes leading the economic analysis for a number of major competition cases for the Competition Commission of South Africa, including in the telecommunications, dairy, news media, forestry, grocery retail and automotive components sectors. He has also been engaged in strategy development in the telecommunications sector. In addition, he has undertaken a number of research projects, including a critical evaluation of Eskom’s proposed tariff increases for the Minister of Economic Development and an assessment of the Competition Commission of South Africa’s banking inquiry. Ryan worked on the complaints against Telkom brought by various internet service providers. He was also part of the team working on the complaints against MTN and Vodacom regarding call termination rates and consulted on the Telkom/BCX merger for a private party.

Prior to his current positions, Ryan worked at Neotel in a number of capacities including leading projects on expanding broadband networks. Before working at Neotel, he was a senior economist at the Competition Commission of South Africa. This followed work as an economic expert on competition cases with the specialist economic consultancy Johannesburg Economics, of which he was a founder.

Ryan holds a Master’s degree in Economics from the University of the Witwatersrand and a BBusSc (Hons), University of Cape Town. He has presented a number of papers at conferences and has several publications.

Professional Experience

Recent projects and advice provided in relation to the economics of competition and regulation, and in relation to financial services, including in South Africa 

South Africa (2016). Developed an ICT sector strategy for the Gauteng Department of Economic Development.

South Africa (2016). Provided expert advice and analysis in relation to the Coca-Cola / SAB merger in relation to bottling plants.

Nigeria (2015). Ryan was part of a team providing economic research services in respect of competition issues in Nigeria, including a brief analysis of the financial services sector.

South Africa (2015 - ongoing). Currently providing expert advice in relation to a complaint in the retail services sector.

South Africa (2015 - going). Currently providing expert advice to ICASA in relation to the distribution of spectrum

Kenya (2015 - ongoing). Currently providing economic research and analysis for the Competition Authority of Kenya in relation to a market inquiry into the banking sector in Kenya.

Kenya (2015 - ongoing). Part of a team providing research and advice on a market inquiry into Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) for the Competition Authority of Kenya, which relates to the use of telecommunications services for mobile financial services.

South Africa (2015 - ongoing). Part of a team of economists advising the Competition Commis-sion of South Africa on economic aspects of the Healthcare Inquiry into the private healthcare market in South Africa.

South Africa (2014 - 2015). Provided expert advice to the Independent Communications Au-thority of South Africa (ICASA) on the Vodacom / Neotel proposed merger.

South Africa (2014 - 2015). Part of a team that provided research and advice in relation to liti-gation involving the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) on NERSA’s regulatory decision on natural gas tariffs.

South Africa (2014). Developed a review, together with Sha’ista Goga, of the outcomes of the Competition Commission’s banking inquiry, held between 2008 and 2012, for CCRED.

South Africa (2014). Developed a follow-up review, together with Sha’ista Goga, of the out-comes of the Competition Commission’s banking inquiry for the Competition Commission SA.

South Africa (2014). Part of the team that advised a client on the competition effects of a po-tential merger in the clothing and textiles sector.

South Africa (2013 - 2014). Reviewed the telecommunications sector in South Africa including the sector overall and specific regulatory interventions (including call termination and local loop unbundling), as part of a CCRED project funded by the Economic Development Depart-ment (Government of South Africa), and provided a range of recommendations for policy & regulatory reform. 

Past experience

Senior Specialist: Corporate Strategy, Neotel (November 2012 to August 2013)

At the Strategy team at Neotel, Ryan’s responsibilities included work on special projects, including work on strategy and business cases for large infrastructure investments, as well as research on a range of fields. Research topics included Information and Communications Technology market size and scope, competitor analysis, scenario analysis and industry analysis. Ryan also worked on strategies for large enterprise accounts. During this period Ryan also supported the regulatory team at Neotel on various issues, including broadband policy.

Senior Specialist: Economic Regulation, Neotel (April 2010 to November 2012)

While part of the regulatory team at Neotel, Ryan was responsible for the economic content of submissions to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa and the Department of Communications. The topics of these submissions included call termination rates, local loop unbundling and spectrum policy. Ryan also worked on various research projects within the strategy team during this period.

Senior Analyst, Policy and Research Division, Competition Commission of South Africa (2007 - 2010)

As a senior analyst in the Policy & Research Division (P&R) at the Competition Commission, Ryan’s responsibilities were to:

  • Manage and co-ordinate research and policy development;
  • Manage and co-ordinate case analysis;
  • Actively contribute to the strategic planning of P&R and the Commission;
  • Assist the divisional manager in the management and administration of P&R;
  • Contribute in building capacity for research and knowledge of the economics of competition and regulation;
  • Manage junior staff within P&R;
  • Fulfil responsibilities in advising regulatory authorities and participating in regulatory proceedings of any regulatory authority; and
  • Participate in local and international networks relevant to competition economics.

At the Competition Commission, Ryan has worked on a number of horizontal and vertical mergers, abuse of dominance cases, and restrictive horizontal and vertical practices cases in a range of sectors, including the forestry, telecommunications (fixed and mobile), food processing, agriculture, fast moving consumer goods, packaging, furniture raw materials, print media, chemicals, road building, gambling, veterinary medications, and electrical goods sectors. Ryan has also made inputs into the telecommunications regulatory authority’s regulatory processes, in processes to amend the Competition Act, 1998, and in electricity pricing policy development. Ryan also contributed to submissions by the South African competition authorities to OECD round table discussions.

Director, Johannesburg Economics (2005 / 2006)

As a director of Johannesburg Economics, Ryan worked on the following competition law related cases and other economic analyses (two cases not in the public domain are omitted):

  • Sasol / Engen merger (oil and fuel industry);
  • Komatiland / Bonheur merger (timber and sawmilling industry);
  • Independent Newspapers / Mandla Matla abuse of dominance complaint (testified as an expert witness before the Competition Tribunal);
  • Hadeco / The Bulb Man abuse of dominance complaint (agricultural products industry);
  • Ansac / Botash horizontal prohibited practices complaint (chemicals sector);
  • Sasol / Nutri-flo abuse of dominance complaint (fertilizer industry);
  • Harmony / Mittal abuse of dominance complaint (steel industry);
  • Telkom / Business Connexion large merger (telecommunications);
  • Analysis of the impact of trade on poverty in the household consumables sector;
  • Analysis of the impact of a commodity price boom (see reference below);
  • Two competition economics-related articles in the Trade and Industrial Policies (TIPS) Monitor and Oxford Analytica 

Independent consultant (2005)

As an independent consultant in 2005, Ryan worked on the following projects:

  • A variety of international trade-related projects (for TIPS);
  • Policy dialogue workshop series held at NEDLAC (for TIPS);
  • The project management of the preparation of a series of sectoral analyses for the Presidency and the ComMark Trust in 2004 (for TIPS);
  • An analysis that fed into a provincial growth and development strategy (for TIPS).
  •  An overview of Mpumalanga provincial trade and investment data, using large online trade databases (for TIPS);
  • Assistance in the analysis of commodity pricing issues for the DTI in 2005;
  • A sector strategy for a local municipal council. This project involved developing a broad overview of a growing market and providing suggestions for strategic policy interventions to foster the development of the market; and
  • A study on import-parity pricing in the aluminium sector in 2005 for the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI); and
  • The Harmony / Gold Fields merger analysis (gold mining industry).

Research and publications

Ryan has published a number of conference papers and presented in a number of fora. Ryan’s peer reviewed publications include a journal article in the South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences and a book chapter in The Development of Competition Law and Economics in South Africa

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Sha'ista Goga

 

Sha’ista Goga is an economist focused on competition and economic regulation.

Sha’ista is currently advising the Competition Authority of Kenya on the phase II of a market inquiry into Kenya’s banking sector. She has provided regulatory advice to key stakeholders in the broadcasting, healthcare and energy sectors and has provided analysis and advice to clients on mergers and prohibited practices cases, appearing before both South African and Indian competition authorities.  She has research and consulting experience within both the corporate and non-profit sectors. 

Sha’ista holds a bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of the Witwatersrand as well as a Master of Philosophy in Economics from Oxford University, where she was a Rhodes Scholar.  Sha’ista was an associate lecturer at the University of the Witwatersrand, and is currently an associate at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development at the University of Johannesburg.

Publications

 “Designated Service Providers: Raising Barriers or enhancing Competition”, Working Paper 11/2012, Centre for Competition Economics, University of Johannesburg.

“Vertical Arithmetic’s and its Application in Vertical Mergers’ ', in Moodaliyar and Roberts (eds) . (2012). The Development of Competition Law and Economics in South Africa, HSRC Press (Co-author J.Hodge and T. Moahloli)

 ‘Public Interest Provisions in the South African Competition Act”, in Moodaliyar and Roberts (eds) . (2012). The Development of Competition Law and Economics in South Africa, HSRC Press  (Co-author J.Hodge and J. Aproskie)

‘Administrative penalties - impact and alternatives’, Journal of Economics and Financial Sciences,Volume 4, Special Issue, August 2011,  pg. 133-146 (co-author J.Aproskie)

Conference papers

“Designated Service Providers: Raising Barriers or enhancing Competition” Sixth Annual Competition Law, Policy and Economics Conference 2010, Johannesburg

 ‘Administrative Penalties: Impacts and Alternatives’, Fourth Annual Competition Law, Policy and Economics Conference 2010, Johannesburg (co-author J.Aproskie)

‘Public Interest Provisions in the South African Competition Act: A Critical Review’, Third Annual Competition Law, Policy and Economics Conference 2009, Johannesburg, (co-author J. Hodge and T.Moahloli). 

 ‘Determinants of Educational Achievement in Mathematics and Science’, Sha’ista Goga, Development Policy Research Unit (DPRU) Conference “The Regulatory Environment and its impact on the Nature and Level of Economic Growth and Development in South Africa”, 2008, Johannesburg

 ‘Vertical Arithmetic’s and its Application in Vertical Mergers’, Fourth Annual Competition Law, Policy and Economics Conference 2008, Johannesburg, (co-authors J.Hodge and J.Aproskie). 

 

Posted on September 30, 2016 .

Simon Roberts

 

Professor Simon Roberts is Director of the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development at the University of Johannesburg.

Simon held the position of Chief Economist and Manager of the Policy & Research Division at the Competition Commission from November 2006 to December 2012. Prior to joining the Competition Commission he was Associate Professor in Economics at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he established and directed the Corporate Strategy and Industrial Development research programme examining firm decision making and economic development. In addition, Simon has consulted extensively on competition matters over the past 15 years and has been an expert witness in a number of major cases encompassing both mergers and prohibited practices.

Simon holds a PhD from University of London (Birkbeck College), MA from University of East Anglia, and BA (Hons) from Oxford University. He has published widely including in World Competition, Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Industrial and Corporate Change, Journal of African Economies, Development and Change, Journal of International Development and the South African Journal of Economics. 

Simon has been identified as a leading competition economist in both Global Competition Review’s The International Who’s Who of Competition Lawyers and Economists and EuroMoney’s Guide to the World's Leading Competition and Antitrust Lawyers/Economists

SUMMARY

EDUCATION

PhD, Economics, Birkbeck College, University of London

MA, Development Economics, University of East Anglia

BA(Hons) Philosophy, Politics & Economics, University of Oxford

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

CURRENT ROLES

Acacia Economics

Director

University of Johannesburg

Visiting Professor of Economics  (2011 to present)

Director of Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development

University of the Witwatersrand

Visiting Associate Professor

 PREVIOUS ROLES

Competition Commission of South Africa

Chief Economist and Head of Policy & Research Division,(2006-2012)

Johannesburg Economics

Director (2004-2006)

University of the Witwatersrand

Visiting Associate Professor, School of Economic and Business Sciences (2007-2009)

Honorary Associate Professor, School of Law (2007-2009)

 Associate Professor (April 2003)

 Senior Lecturer (October 2000)

Lecturer in Economics (1995) 

ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

 Recent projects and advice provided in relation to the economics of competition and regulation, and in relation to financial services, including in South Africa

Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe (2016). Completed a study for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Financial Services for the Poor on competition bottlenecks in mobile financial services in Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, including use of the USSD channel for delivery of these services.

South Africa (2016). Developed an ICT sector strategy for the Gauteng Department of Economic Development.

Kenya (2016 - current). Currently providing expert advice to the Competition Authority of Kenya on the second phase of the banking inquiry in Kenya, which concerns demand side aspects of competition in the banking sector, including in relation to digital financial services.

South Africa (2015-2016). Provided expert advice to the Economic Development Department in relation to the competition and public interest effects the merger between Coca-Cola and SAB (bottlers) in South Africa.

South Africa (2015 - going). Currently providing expert advice to ICASA in relation to spectrum.

Kenya (2015 - ongoing). Part of a team providing research and advice on a market inquiry into Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) for the Competition Authority of Kenya, which relates to the use of telecommunications services for mobile financial services.

South Africa (2015 - current). Part of a team of economists advising the Competition Commission of South Africa on economic aspects of the Healthcare Inquiry into the private healthcare market in South Africa.

South Africa (2015 - ongoing). Currently providing expert advice in relation to a complaint and a market inquiry concerning a retailer in South Africa.

South Africa (2014 - 2015). Provided expert advice to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) on the Vodacom / Neotel proposed merger.

South Africa (2015). Advised a client on the competition effects of a firm’s conduct in the sector, including on the possible merits of bringing a complaint to the Competition Commission.

South Africa (2014 - 2015). Part of a team that provided research and advice in relation to litigation involving the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) on NERSA’s regulatory decision on natural gas tariffs.

South Africa (2014-2015). Advised the Competition Commission of South Africa on the excessive pricing complaint in relation to polymers brought against Sasol Chemical Industries.

South Africa (2014). Part of the team that advised a client on the competition effects of a potential merger in the clothing and textiles sector.

South Africa (2014). Provided an analysis of the competition effects of the MTN/Telkom Radio Access Network (RAN) sharing transaction and the Vodacom/Neotel merger to ICASA.

Botswana (2014). Prepared a review of mergers in Botswana and training on competition economics to the Competition Authority in Botswana.

Zimbabwe (2014). Provided training on competition economics to the Competition and Tariff Commission of Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe (2014). Provided advice to the Competition and Tariff Commission of Zimbabwe for an abuse of dominance case in mobile payments.

South Africa (2013 - 2014). Reviewed the telecommunications sector in South Africa including the sector overall and specific regulatory interventions (including call termination and local loop unbundling), as part of a CCRED project funded by the Economic Development Department (Government of South Africa), and provided a range of recommendations for policy & regulatory reform.

Kenya (2013-14). Reviewed a number of inquiries undertaken by the Competition Authority of Kenya (CAK) in 2013 and 2014, and provided training and economic analysis and advice on a number of major cases for CAK, including the Airtel complaint against Safaricom which led to a settlement.

2011-                     Visiting Professor of Economics, University of Johannesburg

Director of Centre for Competition Economics (www.uj.ac.za/cce ), now Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development. The Centre’s activities include:

  • Short courses on competition economic and policy. Courses have been run annually in South Africa. A course has also been run in Kenya and it is planned to be annual.
  •  Co-organising an annual conference
  • Working paper series
  •  Teaching and supervision at postgraduate level
  •  Courses lectured: Competition Economics Masters Elective; competition economics in Honours and Masters Microeconomics courses.

 2013-                     Visiting Associate Professor, University of the Witwatersrand

Leading research projects of the Corporate Strategy and Industrial Development research programme in the areas of regional industrial development and industrial policy in Africa.

2006 - 2012          Chief Economist and Head of Policy & Research Division, Competition Commission of South Africa

 Responsibilities included:

  • Participation in executive decision-making and strategic direction of the Commission, and leading major areas of the strategic plan.
  • Advise Commissioner on key questions of economics.
  • Managing the Policy & Research Division (30 employees).
  • Managing/supervising economic research undertaken by the Division’s team of economists for competition cases and policy related matters, in conjunction with other divisions including Mergers & Acquisitions and Enforcement & Exemptions.
  • Provide and present expert testimony on economic matters related to cases in the Competition Tribunal and Competition Appeal Court; identify appropriate external expert economists where required.
  • Training and capacity building with regard to expertise in economic analysis.
  • Promoting the development of skills in the economics of competition in South Africa, and related research, through liaison with universities and wider networks of economists.
  • articipation in international forums on behalf of the Commission, including ICN, OECD, UNCTAD.

Notable achievements at Commission, which I led or was integrally involved in:

  • Adoption of prioritization framework and its implementation.
  • Leading proactive approach in identifying cartels based on economic research, including in industrial products, food and construction. This generated a substantial number of applications for leniency under Commission’s corporate leniency policy.
  • Addressing coordination through information exchange arrangements in various industries including cement, fuel and flour.
  • Design of construction fast-track settlement process for bid-rigging cases.
  •  South Africa won agency of the year in Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, 2011 Global Competition Review Awards, and shortlisted for Enforcement Case of the year for the Pioneer Foods settlement of multiple cartel conduct.
  • Establishing international profile of Commission through: research presented at international conferences and journal publication; participation in International Competition Network and OECD competition committee.
  • Precedent setting cases referred in abuse of dominance in areas including exclusive dealing and predatory pricing.
  • Coordinating African Competition Forum research programme.
  •  Coordinator of Competition Commission and Tribunal Ten Year Review, 2009.
  • Twice voted manager of the year by all Commission staff.

 Other roles:

  • Acting Manager of Enforcement & Exemptions division, November 2008 to May 2009
  • Seconded half-time as advisor to Minister of Economic Development, August-October 2009
  • Member of Economic Advisory Panel to Minister of Economic Development, 2010-
  • Visiting Scholar at University of Columbia (Sept-Oct, 2010) and University of Cambridge (Oct-Dec, 2010)

Competition law and policy work (including prior to joining the Competition Commission)

  

 Founding director of Johannesburg Economics, specialist competition economics consultancy, 2004-2006.

 Expert economic analysis for competition cases in many industries.

 Expert witness in SA Competition Tribunal in the following cases:

  • Netcare – CHG merger
  • Primedia – NAIL merger
  • Harmony – Mittal Steel SA complaint
  • Nationwide Poles – Sasol complaint
  • Goldfields – Harmony merger
  • Bonheur – Komatiland Forests merger (expert reports filed, merger abandoned during Tribunal hearing)
  • Nutriflo – Sasol and Profert – Sasol complaints (expert reports filed, settled during Tribunal hearings)
  •  Commission – SAB complaint
  • Media24 – Natal Witness merger
  • Commission – Sasol Chemical Industries complaint
  • IDC-Scaw Metals merger 

Identified as a leading competition economist in: Global Competition Review’s The International Who’s Who of Competition Lawyers and Economists; and Euromoney’s Guide to the World's Leading Competition and Antitrust Lawyers/Economists; both of which are based on peer assessments.

Acted in an advisory capacity to the South African Competition Commission and the Department of Trade and Industry on matters of competition law and policy, including during the establishment of the South African institutions in 1998-2000.

Expert advice has also been provided to competition authorities of different countries, including South Africa, Singapore and Kenya.

2007-2009            Visiting Associate Professor, School of Economic and Business Sciences, and Honorary Associate Professor, School of Law, University of the Witwatersrand

Courses lectured:

  • Competition Economics (Honours)
  • Competition Law (LLM, LLB, Certificate)

Guest Lecturer on African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics, Stellenbosch, July, 2007, 2008

1995 - 2006          Associate Professor (April 2003) / Senior Lecturer (October 2000) / Lecturer in Economics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Teaching and supervision

Courses lectured include:

  • Economics of Competition and Regulation (Masters)
  • Trade and Industrial Policy (Masters);
  • Development Economics (Honours)
  • Research Methods (Honours)
  • South Africa and the Global Economy (Hons);
  • Microeconomics (Honours and undergraduate)
  •  Supervision and external examining of postgraduate students

Additional teaching and lecturing, 1996-2006

 Economics component of University of Witwatersrand LLM course on Competition Law (2001, 2002, 2006); LLB course on Competition Law (2005, 2006)

  •  Trade and Industrial policy, Masters in Public and Development Management, University of the Witwatersrand, 2003.
  • Workshop for Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Trade and Industry on Industrial Policy and Competitiveness, Cape Town, 11 and 12 February 2003.
  • Course coordinator: First and Second SADC/Competition Commission courses on Competition Law and Policy (August 2000 and June & August 1999)
  • Economics Tutor, Quantitative Methods (1st yr), Birkbeck College, University of London (1997) 

Director, Corporate Strategy and Industrial Development research programme (2001-2006) 

  • Established and managed research unit, recognized as doing leading economic policy research in areas of firm behavior and industrial development
  • Building research capacity and mentoring research staff
  • Presenting research findings to policymakers
  • Interacting with government departments, institutions and donors

Administrative responsibilities

Coordinator: Masters, Honours, Second year and First year programmes (various years)

Research Director, School of Economic and Business Sciences, 2004

Member of School Management Committee, 2004

Member of School Higher Degrees Committee, 2003-2004

Member of Faculty Research Committee, 2004

Faculty representative on University Academic Freedom Committee

Other positions held

Visiting Research Fellow, Industrial Development Corporation, 2005

1994-95 Lecturer in Development Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich

Responsible for lectures, seminars and workshops of the following courses: Trade, Technology and Transnational Corporations (Masters); National Economic Planning (Diploma and 2nd yr); Principles of Economics (1st yr).

1992-94 Bank of Botswana, Principal Research Officer (Ag) / Senior Research Officer, Money & Financial Markets Unit

Senior manager, responsible for setting up the Money and Financial Markets Unit to monitor and evaluate financial sector and macro balance issues.  Responsibility for the processing of Money and Banking statistics.  Supervisory responsibility for one senior economist, three economists and one statistical clerk.  Duties included:

  • representing the Bank at meetings with Government and other organisations, particular responsibility for liaising with IMF missions
  • establishing procedures for setting up and updating a financial sector database; coordinating the collation and analysis of economic information
  • preparation of research papers and briefs to guide Bank monetary and financial sector policies
  •  responsibility for the Unit's inputs into the Bank's Monthly, Quarterly and Annual reports
  • management of unit research; monitoring and evaluation of staff performance
  • organisation and participation in seminars and working groups, including the preparation of terms of reference and commissioning of research papers

Member of: Sub-Committee on Bank Health Policy; Management Working Group on budgeting systems within the Bank; Management Working Group on workplace efficiency.

  

1991-92 Economics Tutor, University of East Anglia, UK

1990-91 Lecturer in Economics, University College Cork, Ireland

Courses lectured: Microeconomics (2nd year); International Trade (3rd year)

PUBLICATIONS

 ‘Harm and Overcharge in the South African Precast Concrete Products Cartel’, Journal of Competition Law and Economics (with Junior Khumalo and Jeffrey Mashiane) (forthcoming).

 ‘Expectations and outcomes – considering competition and corporate power in South Africa under democracy’, Review of African Political Economy (with Gertrude Makhaya) (forthcoming).

 ‘The Competition Tribunal of South Africa rules on exclusionary conduct in the telecommunications industry’, e-Competitions Bulletin, 2013, www.concurrences.com , Institute of Competition Law (with Reena das Nair).

 ‘Challenging the power of big companies: Competition policy isn’t enough’, New Agenda, First Quarter 2013, 49, 40-48.

Coeditor, The Development of Competition Law and Economics in South Africa, HSRC Press, Pretoria, 2012 (with Kasturi Moodaliyar)

‘How should young institutions approach enforcement? Reflections on South Africa’s experience’, South African Journal of International Affairs, 2012, 19(1), 43-64 (with Trudi Makhaya and Wendy Mkwananzi).

 ‘Administrability and business certainty in abuse of dominance enforcement: an economist’s review of the South African record’, World Competition, 2012, 35(2), 269-296.

 ‘Screening for cartels – insights from the South African experience’, Competition Policy International Antitrust Chronicle, September 2012.

‘Corporate conduct and competition policy in Intermediate Industrial Products’, New Agenda, Quarter 1, 2012, 16-21 (with Reena Das Nair and Junior Khumalo).

Coeditor, Special issue of Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences on Competition Economics, 2011, 4.

 ‘Bargaining power and market definition: a reflection on two mergers’, Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences, 2011, 4, 147-166 (with Reena das Nair and Catherine Corbett).

 ‘Competition policy, competitive rivalry and a developmental state in South Africa’, Chapter 11 in O. Edigheji ed. Constructing a Democratic Developmental State in South Africa: Potentials and Challenges, HSRC Press, Pretoria, 2010.

 ‘The Key Priorities and Objectives of the Competition Commission of South Africa’ in D. Evans and F. Jenny (eds.) Trustbusters - Competition Policy Authorities Speak Out. Competition Policy International Inc., London and Chicago, 2009 (with S. Ramburuth).

 ‘The Evolution and Impact of Industrial and Competition Policies’, Chapter 8, in Aron, J., Kahn, B. and G. Kingdon (eds) South African Economy Policy Under Democracy, OUP, 2009 (with A. Black).

 ‘Industrial policy under democracy: apartheid's grown-up infant industries? Iscor and Sasol’, Transformation, 2009, 71, 50-75 (with Z. Rustomjee).

 ‘The changing face and strategies of big business’, New Agenda, 2008, 32, 6-12 (with L. Mncube and G. Mohamed).

Coeditor, Special issue of South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences on Competition Law and Economics, 2008, 11(3).

 ‘Questions of growth, questions of development’, New Agenda, 2007, 28: 37-46 (with S. Mohamed); also published in Turok, B. (ed.) (2008) Wealth Doesn’t Trickle Down – The Case for a Developmental State in South Africa, Cape Town: New Agenda.

 ‘South African Competition Policy in 2008: Key priorities of the South African Competition Commission’, Global Competition Policy, April 2008.

 ‘Assessing excessive pricing – the case of flat steel in South Africa’, Journal of Competition Law and Economics, 2008, 4(3), 871-891.

 ‘Weak links in the BEE chain? Procurement, skills and employment equity in the metals and engineering industries’, Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 2008, 26(1), 27-50 (with G. Mohamed)

“Black economic empowerment’, Business and the State in South Africa’, Development and Change, 2007, 38(5): 933-955 (with S. Ponte and L. van Sittert)

‘Patterns of industrial performance in South Africa in the first decade of democracy – the continued influence of minerals-based activities’, Transformation, 2007, 65: 4-34.

 ‘The changing face and strategies of big business in South Africa: more than a decade of political democracy’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 2006, 15(3): 549-578 (with N. Chabane and A. Goldstein)

 Sustainable Manufacturing? The case of South Africa, editor and an author of four chapters, Cape Town: Juta Press, 2006.

 ‘Smart industries: the importance of technology and R&D for industry performance’, Trade & Industry Monitor, 2006, 37

 ‘To BEE or not to BEE? South Africa’s ‘Black Economic Empowerment’ (BEE), Corporate Governance and the State in the South’ Danish Institute for International Studies, Working Paper 2006: 27 (with S. Ponte and L. van Sittert)

 ‘Weak links in the BEE chain? Procurement, skills and employment equity in the metals and engineering industries’, Danish Institute for International Studies, Working Paper 2006: 33 (with G. Mohamed)

‘Understanding technology and economic development in South African industry: The case of the plastics sector’, in Blankley, W., M. Scerri, N. Molotja, I. Saloojee eds. (2006) Measuring Innovation in OECD and non-OECD countries, Cape Town: HSRC Press.

‘Industrial strategy and local economic development: the case of the foundry industry in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan’, South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 2005, 8(4), 448-464 (with T. Phele and I. Steuart)

 ‘Globalisation and the South African Textiles Industry: Impacts on firms and workers’, Journal of International Development, 2004, 16 (1), 125-139 (with J. Thoburn)

‘Reflections on Approaching an FTA Negotiation with Mercosur: A Review of Key Issues’, South African Institute for International Affairs, Trade Policy Report No.6, November 2004

 ‘Investment in South Africa – a comment on recent contributions’, Development Southern Africa, 21(4), 743-756, 2004

‘The role for competition policy in economic development: the South African experience’, Development Southern Africa, 21(1), 227-243, 2004.

 ‘Addressing market power in a small, isolated, resource-based economy: the case of steel in SA’, Trade and Industry Monitor, 31, 19-25, 2004 (with N. Zalk)

‘Adjusting to Trade Liberalisation: the case of firms in the South African Textile Sector’, Journal of African Economies, 12 (1), 67-96, 2003 (with J. Thoburn).

 ‘Telecommunications in developing countries: reflections from the South African experience’, Telecommunications Policy, 27 (1-2), 41-59, 2003 (with G. Makhaya).

 ‘The DTI’s new ‘Integrated Manufacturing Strategy? Comparative industrial performance, linkages and technology’, South African Journal of Economics, 71(4), 679-704, 2003 (with J. Machaka)

 ‘Manufacturing competitiveness and industrial policy: the Integrated Manufacturing Strategy’, Sisebenza Sonke, 6, 12-31, November, 2002.

‘Addressing lacunae of neo-classical economics: firms, production and technology’, Review Article, International Review of Applied Economics, 16 (2), 493-496, 2002.

 ‘Globalisation, industrial policy and the plastics industry in South Africa’, Journal of International Development, 13, 797-810, 2001.

‘Competition and Market Structure in the Plastics Sector: A Preliminary Analysis’, (with C. Malikane and N. Sikhweni).  TIPS Working Paper No.1-2000.

‘Large International Business and Economic Development’, Review article, International Review of Applied Economics, 14 (1), 135-143, 2000.

 ‘Understanding the Effects of Trade Policy Reform: the case of South Africa’, South African Journal of Economics, 68 (4), 607-638, 2000.

 ‘Production and technology changes, restructuring and employment in the plastics sector’, TIPS working paper No.2-2001 (with C. Malikane).

  ‘How labour should approach the Competition Act’, South African Labour Bulletin, 23 (3), 21-27, 1999.

 ‘Economic Policy and Industrial Restructuring in South Africa – political economy approaches’, Review article, International Review of Applied Economics, 12 (2), 317-324, 1998.

 ‘Economic Globalization: a break from the past?’, Review article, International Review of Applied Economics, 12 (2), 311-315, 1998.

 ‘A Preliminary Analysis of the Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Manufacturing, or: “Will trade liberalisation generate export-led growth in South Africa?”’, TIPS Working Paper No.8-1998.

‘Monetary policy within macroeconomic policy: An appraisal in the context of Reconstruction and Development’, Transformation, 32, 54-78, 1996.

‘The socio-economic and political setting of South Africa’, Chapter 1 of Children, Poverty and Disparity Reduction: Towards Fulfilling the Rights of the Children of South Africa, published RDP/UNICEF Study, 1996.

 ‘Competition in Banking’, The Bank of Botswana Research Bulletin, 12 (1), 48-68, 1994.

‘A Note on Botswana's Recent Inflationary Experience’ (with C. Chepete and P.Nkokou),  The Bank of Botswana Research Bulletin, 12 (1), 5-12, 1994.

 ‘The Role and Evolution of Botswana’s Financial Sector’, Chapter 3, Bank of Botswana Annual Report, 1993.

 Conference papers

‘Competition enforcement with specialist investigative and adjudicative bodies: A comparative study of Chile and South Africa’ 6th Annual conference on Competition Law, Economics and Policy, 6 & 7 September 2012, Johannesburg. (with J. Tapia and M. Ybar). 

‘Penalties and settlements for cartels in South Africa seen through an economics lens’, 6th Annual conference on Competition Law, Economics and Policy, 6 & 7 September, 2012, Johannesburg (with T. G. Muzata and T. Vilakazi) 

‘Harm and Overcharge in the South African Precast Concrete Products Cartel’, University of Johannesburg Working Paper 6/2012 and presented at CRESSE conference, Greece (with J. Khumalo and J. Mashiane) 

‘National dominant firms, competition law, and the implications for economic development in Southern Africa: case studies of energy, beer and food’, 3rd International Conference of the Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos, 4 & 5 September 2012, Maputo, Mozambique. 

‘The inter-relationships between regulation and competition enforcement: regulating for competition? Remedying anti-competitive behaviour through regulation?’, TIPS/NERSA Economic Regulators Conference, Johannesburg, 21 & 22 August 2012 (with R. Das Nair and P. Mondliwa) 

‘Competition policy, industrial policy and corporate conduct’, International Economics Association Conference, 3-4 June, 2012, Johannesburg. To be published by Palgrave in forthcoming edited volume.  

‘Administrability and business certainty in abuse of dominance enforcement: an economist’s review of the South African record’, Paper for 5th Annual Conference on Competition Law, Economics and Policy, University of Johannesburg, 4 & 5 October 2011. 

‘How should young institutions approach enforcement? Reflections on South Africa’s experience’, presented at 7th Annual Competition & Regulation Conference, Amsterdam, 20 May, 2011 (with T. Makhaya and W. Mkwananzi).  

‘Countervailing power, bargaining power and market definition: a reflection on two mergers’, presented at Competition Commission, Competition Tribunal and Mandela Institute Annual Conference on Competition Law and Economics, Johannesburg, 2 September 2010 (with C. Corbett and R. Das Nair). 

‘Food production in South Africa: corporate conduct and economic policy’, presented at Initiative for Policy Dialogue Task Force on Africa, Pretoria, 9-10 July, 2009, to be published in volume titled Globalization and Rural Transformation in Africa. 

‘Market power and competition concerns in food: a review of conduct and outcomes following deregulation’, presented at Development Policy Research Unit conference, Johannesburg, 27-29 October 2008 (with N. Chabane and M. Rakhudu). 

‘Industrial policy under democracy: apartheid's grown-up infant industries? Iscor and Sasol’, presented at University of KwaZulu-Natal Conference on the Minerals Energy Complex, 18 June 2008, Durban (with Z. Rustomjee). 

‘Competition policy, competitive rivalry and the developmental state’, presented at Human Sciences Research Council Conference on ‘The Potentials for and Challenges of Constructing a Democratic Developmental State in South Africa’, 4-6 June, 2008, Magaliesburg. 

‘Assessing excessive pricing – the case of flat steel in South Africa’, presented at Competition Commission, Competition Tribunal and Mandela Institute Annual Conference on Competition Law and Economics, Johannesburg, 21 May 2007. 

‘Questions of growth, questions of development’, presented at Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies Annual Forum, Johannesburg, 18-20 October, 2006 (with S. Mohamed) 

‘An evaluation of the developing economic relationships between China and South Africa in the context of negotiations on a trade agreement’, presented at Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies Annual Forum, Johannesburg, 18-20 October, 2006 (with N. Nicanor and M. Walker) 

‘Weak links in the BEE chain? Procurement, skills and employment equity in the metals and engineering industries’, paper presented to the workshop: ‘To BEE or not to BEE? South Africa’s ‘Black Economic Empowerment’ (BEE), Corporate Governance and the State in the South’ Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, 26-27 June, 2006 (with G. Mohamed) 

‘Understanding BEE in South Africa’, paper presented to the workshop: ‘To BEE or not to BEE? South Africa’s ‘Black Economic Empowerment’ (BEE), Corporate Governance and the State in the South’ Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen, 26-27 June, 2006 (with S. Ponte and L. van Sittert) 

‘Industrial development and industrial finance in Brazil and South Africa: A comparative assessment’, presented at Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies Annual Forum, Johannesburg, 30 November – 1 December, 2005 (with J. Maia and L. Mondi) 

‘The role of development finance for industry in a restructuring economy: a critical reflection on the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa’, presented at Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies Annual Forum, Johannesburg, 30 November – 1 December, 2005 (with L. Mondi) 

‘The Impact of the Minerals Sector on Industrial Competitiveness: Linkages and the Development of Capabilities in the Capital Equipment Industry in South Africa’, presented at Globelics Conference, Tshwane, 31 October to 4 November 2005 (with T. Phele). 

‘Industrial development and industrial policy in South Africa – a ten year review’, presented at Conference on South African Economic Policy Under Democracy – A Ten Year Review, Stellenbosch, 28 & 29 October 2005. 

‘The Minerals-Energy Complex as a framework for understanding industrial development in southern Africa?  A study of South Africa and Mozambique’, presented at SANTED Workshop, Maputo, 10 July 2005 (with C. Castel-Branco)  

‘An analysis of the technology and production capabilities of the South African plastic products sector, and possible roles for government’, Conference on Development of Business in Africa: The Role of Networks, Relationships, Industrial Clusters and Innovation Systems, 10-11 March 2005, Johannesburg, Universities of Chalmers and the Witwatersrand  (with L.G. Mohamed) 

‘Industrial strategy and local economic development: manufacturing policy and technology capabilities in Ekurhuleni’, TIPS-DPRU Annual Forum, Cape Town, 12-15 September 2004 (with T. Phele and I. Steuart). 

‘Inflation, interest rates and economic development’, Naledi Conference, 29 September, 2004, Johannesburg (with C. Malikane) 

‘Reflections on approaching an FTA negotiation with Mercosur: A review of key issues’, South African Institute for International Affairs symposium, August 2004. 

‘Addressing the apartheid industrial legacy: local economic development and industrial policy in South Africa – the case of Ekurhuleni’, University of Witwatersrand – Ekurhuleni Metro Symposium on Sustainable Manufacturing 10-11 June 2004 (with J. Machaka)

 ‘Encouraging downstream value-added and labour-intensive growth?  The case of the metal products sector’, University of Witwatersrand – Ekurhuleni Metro Symposium on Sustainable Manufacturing 10-11 June 2004 (with J. Machaka) 

‘Addressing market power in a small, isolated, resource-based economy: the case of steel in South Africa’, CRC 3rd International Conference, 7-9 September, 2004, Cape Town. (with N. Zalk) 

‘A big steel? The South African steel industry and the appropriate industry policy for large-scale industry under internationalisation’ presented at Development Studies seminar, Wits, November 2003. 

‘The role for competition policy in economic development?  The effects of competition policy in South Africa, and selected international comparisons’, presented at Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies Annual Forum, September 2003. 

‘Manufacturing competitiveness and industrial policy’, presented at TIPS Annual Forum, September 2002. 

‘Adjusting to trade liberalization in the textile industries of South Africa and Vietnam’, Conference on ‘Globalisation, Growth and Inequality’ University of Warwick, 15-17 March 2002. (With J. Thoburn, N. Thi Thanh Ha and N. Thi Hoa) 

‘Adjusting to Trade Liberalisation: the case of firms in the South African Textile Sector’, conference on New Industrial Realities and Firm Behaviour in Africa, UNIDO and Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford University, 20-22 September 2001. (With J. Thoburn). 

‘Understanding technology and economic development in South African industry’, OECD and Department of Arts Culture Science and Technology conference on Innovation Measurement in OECD and non-OECD Countries, 28-29 March 2001, Pretoria, South Africa. 

‘Instituting Reforms: Governance and Institutional Conditions – some reflections on the South African experience’, conference on Proposing Measures to Arrest Capital Flow Speculation and Volatility, Hong Kong, 12-14 February, 2001. 

‘Country Paper on Competition Regime in South Africa’, presented at Workshop on Competition Policy in Jaipur, India, December 2000, organized by Consumer Unity and Trust Society.  

‘Production and technology changes, restructuring and employment in the plastics sector’, (with C. Malikane), TIPS Annual Forum, September 2000. 

‘Competition and Market Structure in the Plastics Sector: A Preliminary Analysis’, (with C. Malikane and N. Sikhweni), TIPS Annual Forum, September 1999. 

‘A Preliminary Analysis of the Effects of Trade Liberalisation on Manufacturing in South Africa’, TIPS Annual Forum, September 1998. 

Policy papers, commissioned research and Consultancy

‘Review of Competition and Industrial Structure’, for South African Presidency 20 Year Review, May 2013. 

‘Background Paper on African Industrialisation for Economic Development Department’, March 2013, commissioned by Economic Development Department (with B. Baloyi, S. Banda, K. Mapila, G. Mfongeh) 

‘An investigation into BEE in the Metals Sector of the economy’, May 2006, commissioned by FES and National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (with G. Bardien and G. Mohamed) 

‘An Evaluation of the Developing Economic Relationships between China and South Africa in the context of negotiations on a Trade Agreement’, May 2006, paper for TIPS/DTI (with N. Nicanor and M. Walker) 

‘An appraisal of development finance for industry: the case of the IDC, and a comparative analysis with BNDES of Brazil’, September 2005, report for IDC 

‘A case study of the impact of competition law and policy on South Africa’s investment climate and competitiveness: the Iron & Steel sector’, November 2005, commissioned by the World Bank (with E. Teljeur and R. Hawthorne) 

‘A case study of the impact of competition law and policy on South Africa’s investment climate and competitiveness: the Industrial Chemicals sector’, November 2005, commissioned by the World Bank (with R. Dobreva, K. Makrelov, C. May, G. Mohamed) 

‘A strategic review of the Metals industries: performance and prospects’, report for the South African Office of the President, December 2004. 

‘Western Cape report on: Metals & Engineering industries, including ship-building’, report for the Western Cape Provincial government, December 2004 (with D. Bertrand, T. Phele, I. Steuart and M. Taka). 

‘Innovation in Resource Based Technology Clusters’, Phase One – Project Overview and Synthesis of Findings, HSRC (with A. Hofmaenner and G. Steyn), May 2004. 

‘The impact of import parity pricing in the metals sectors on downstream producers: the case of basic iron and steel’, Briefing paper for the Department of Trade and Industry, March 2004. 

‘The effects of import-parity pricing in the chemicals and plastics industries’, January 2004, report commissioned by Naledi (with R. Dobreva and C. May). 

‘The employment challenge for South Africa: observations and issues for consideration’, note prepared for Business Trust, February 2004. 

‘Manufacturing in the PGDP: steps to supporting employment generation and relatively labour-intensive activities in the Eastern Cape’, report commissioned by the Eastern Cape Provincial Government to support the Provincial Growth and Development Plan, July 2003. 

‘10 year review: industrial structure and competition policy’, report commissioned by the South African Office of the President, May 2003 (with N. Chabane, J. Machaka, N. Molaba, M Taka).  

‘Globalisation and employment in South Africa: A review of issues’, report commissioned by Department of Labour, May 2003 (with J. Machaka and W. Mainga). 

‘Competition in the South African Healthcare sector’, Chapters 2 and 5, Commissioned by the South African Competition Commission, September 2003 (with R. Sinclaire).   

Section on the Secunda cluster for ‘Promotion of secondary industrial development and clustering in Mpumalanga stainless steel and chemicals clusters’, Research Report for Mpumalanga Provincial government by Blueprint and HSRC, March 2003 

‘Medical Aid Scheme treatment of HIV/AIDS: selection and discrimination?’, report commissioned by the AIDS Law Project, University of the Witwatersrand, February 2003 (with S. Lebelo). 

‘SA Steel 2003’, report commissioned by Creamer Media Pty, 2003 

‘Globalisation and the South African textiles industry’, Globalisation and Poverty Discussion Paper 9 of the DfID programme on Globalisation, Production and Poverty, 2002. 

Member of Department of Trade and Industry’s Research Advisory Committee, 2002-present. 

Member of South African Competition Economics Forum hosted by the Competition Commission, 2002-present. 

‘Options for a strategic approach to industrial policy at the Metro level’, report commissioned by Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, October 2002.

‘Ekurhuleni Urban Economic Development Review - Gross Geographic Product, manufacturing development and infrastructure.’ Report commissioned by Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, October 2002 (with D. Kgori, J. Machaka, and S. Lebelo). 

‘Economic trends in the Chemical Industries, and implications for Skills Development’, Report commissioned by Department of Labour, October 2002 (with J. Machaka and C. May). 

Consultant to Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Trade and Industry to draft report on Industrial Policy hearings, April/May 2002.  

‘Towards a local industrial development strategy for Uitenhage’, report for the Eastern Cape Socio-Economic Consultative Council (ECSECC), May 2002 (with J. Machaka and S. Lebelo) 

‘South Africa and the global steel industry restructuring’, background report commissioned by Engineering News, February 2002 (with G. Makhaya and M. Taka). 

‘Assessing industrial development in the Eastern Cape and the role for Provincial Government – A Preliminary Analysis’, report for the Eastern Cape Socio-Economic Consultative Council (ECSECC), February 2002. 

‘Investment, corporate strategy and the role of government’, commissioned by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Foundation, January 2002.

‘Nkonkobe: Regeneration Study’. Eastern Cape Socio-Economic Consultative Council Report for Nkonkobe Local Municipality, Eastern Cape, June 2001.  (With T. Makapela and C. Malikane)

 Advisor to Communication Workers Union and author of report ‘Restructuring in Telecommunications’ commissioned by Naledi, 2000.

Advisor to Competition Commission on developing rules and procedures for implementing new legislation, 1999.

‘Implementation of Competition Legislation in South Africa: setting thresholds for merger control, and assessing dominance’, report funded by TIPS/GTZ for Department of Trade and Industry, January 1999 (co-ordinator and lead researcher of project).

 Review of social & economic developments, contribution to Nedlac Annual Report, 1998.

 Review of recent economic developments, contribution to Nedlac Annual Report, 1997.

 Review of recent economic developments, contribution to Nedlac Annual Report, 1996.

 Advisor to transport trade unions and author of report, ‘State Asset Restructuring in the Transport Sector’, commissioned by Naledi, 1996.

 ‘Capital retention in rural areas’, report for Presidential Commission of Inquiry into the Provision of Rural Financial Services, 1996 (with J. Lestrade-Jefferis).

 NIEP Parliamentary Briefing Papers, 1995 (in collaboration with NIEP researchers):  Education; Reform of the Public Service; Implications of the Maize Price Increase.

 ‘HIV/AIDS in Botswana’, Bank of Botswana Position Paper, 1994.

 ‘Mid-Term Review of Financial Sector Development’, background paper for Botswana National Development Plan 7, 1993.

 ‘The Impact of Liberalisation of Botswana’s Exchange Controls’, 1992.

 Creditor profiles on Canada and UK for a European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD) international report, 1995.

 Pilot Report on Economic impact of HIV/AIDS in Botswana, sponsored by USAID, 1994.

 ‘The Position of Botswana in the Southern African Customs Union’, Bank of Botswana internal policy paper, 1993.

 

 

 

Posted on September 30, 2016 .